Gerardo J. Munarriz, University of British Columbia
Gerardo studied Political Science and International Relations at York University (Toronto), completed his Law degree at San Marcos University (Lima, Peru), and Master of Laws at Osgoode Hall Law School, York University. He is currently pursuing his Ph.D. degree at the Faculty of Law, University of British Columbia (Vancouver).
Indigenous Communities Searching for Justice: Holding Transnational (Mining/Oil) Corporations, International Financial Institutions and States Accountable for Violations of Human Rights in Latin America
My proposed research deals with two problems. First, I examine the need to address the lack of legal accountability of transnational mining/oil corporations, the degree of responsibility of multilateral financial institutions and both host and home states for violations of the fundamental human rights of Andean indigenous communities in Latin America. Second, I explore how and to what extent the empowerment (political and economic) of indigenous communities, the extent of their direct participation in decisions regarding mining/petroleum investment, and their ability to access justice can halt and prevent such human rights abuses. The major part of the work will be dedicated to the analysis of cases from Latin America: Guatemala, Peru, and Ecuador. These studies, in addition to dealing with the issues identified above, will address the weaknesses and strengths of domestic (the host states), international (the UN and OAS), and transnational (the home states of the corporations) jurisdictions for bringing justice and remedies to victims.
Prof. Dr. Karin Mickelson
Prof. Dr. Joel Bakan
Prof. dr. Gordon Christie
Publications and conferences
“Rhetoric and Reality: The World Bank Development Policies, Mining Corporations, and Indigenous Communities in Latin America,” in International Community Law Review 10 (2008) 1-13
“Indigenous Peoples Struggles and the Janus-Faced Nature of International Human Rights Law,” On Line Publication, Conference Proceedings, Joint Annual Meeting of the Law and Society Association (LSA) and the Research Committee on Sociology of Law (RCSL of ISA), Humboldt University, Berlin, July 25-28, 2007
gerardo.munarriz [at] doctoral-academy [dot] net